L.-A. Dorion, L’autre Socrate. Etudes sur les écrits socratiques de Xénophon, Paris, Les Belles Lettres, 2013

L'Autre Socrate

La très grande majorité des dix-neuf études réunies ici (une est inédite et les autres, publiées entre 2000 et 2011, ont été révisées et remaniées pour constituer un ensemble cohérent) consistent en des analyses qui ont pour but de mettre en lumière la spécificité, et de souligner la cohérence, de la représentation de Socrate dans les écrits socratiques de Xénophon (MémorablesBanquetÉconomiqueApologie). Des nombreux dialogues socratiques (logoi sokratikoi) composés par des disciples de Socrate, seuls ceux de Platon et de Xénophon nous sont parvenus dans leur intégralité, les autres ne subsistant que sous la forme de rares fragments. Le principal intérêt des écrits socratiques de Xénophon est de nous offrir un portrait « alternatif » de Socrate, en ce sens que c’est le seul portrait complet, issu des milieux socratiques, que nous puissions aujourd’hui opposer à celui de Platon. Le Socrate de Xénophon est ainsi un « autre » Socrate, un Socrate profondément différent de son homonyme platonicien, et qui mérite d’être étudié à la fois pour lui-même et en ce qui le distingue de son faux jumeau. L’interprète qui se penche sur les écrits socratiques de Xénophon dispose de deux approches pour mettre en lumière l’originalité et la spécificité du Socrate de Xénophon : d’une part, il peut analyser en elles-mêmes et pour elles-mêmes certaines positions philosophiques qui lui sont propres et, d’autre part, il peut procéder à une exégèse comparative des thèmes socratiques communs à Platon et à Xénophon. L’ambition de l’exégèse comparative n’est pas de déterminer, à propos d’un thème commun, quelle est la version la plus fidèle ou la plus exacte sur le plan historique, mais d’enregistrer les différences et de les interpréter en vue de comprendre comment elles s’insèrent, aussi bien chez Platon que chez Xénophon, dans une représentation philosophiquement cohérente du personnage de Socrate.

De Luise, F. and Stavru, A. (eds.), Socratica III. Studies on Socrates, the Socratics, and the Ancient Socratic Literature, Sankt Augustin, Academia Verlag, 2013

 

Abbildung

This volume approaches the ‘Socratic question’ from a viewpoint that departs radically from mainstream lines of interpretation. The focus is not on the ‘formal order’ of the Socratics, that is on their subdivision in ‘schools’ and the ‘doctrines’ peculiar to each, but on the theoretical issues that these thinkers were able to develop in the fierce struggle among themselves. The papers dwell on the dynamic context in which these issues were posed, discussed, and eventually fixed in dogmatic theories within the philosophical and non-philosophical Greek literature of the V and IV centuries B.C.

Following topics are examined: 1. the ‘intellectual movement’ around Socrates, i.e. Aristophanes and Comedy, Isocrates, Antisthenes, Chaerephon, Aeschines, Plato, and Xenophon; 2. the literary context in which the texts of the Socratics are framed; 3. major topics discussed within this movement, and their development within and outside the Socratic circle (apologetics, dialectics, politics, misology, eudaimonia, eusebeia, Eros, enthousiasmos, parrhesia, protreptics, spoudaiogeloion, epistemology and teleology); the reception of these issues in Late Antiquity, from Aristotle up to the Stoic, Neoplatonic and Arab traditions; 4. the state of the art of the ‘Socratic question’, and reviews of the major publications that appeared on Socrates and the Socratics (D. Morrison’s Companion, L.-A. Dorion’s and F. Bevilacqua’s editions of the Memorabilia, and V. Gray’s works on Xenophon and G. Danzig’s book on the apologetic side of the earlier Socratic literature).

George Boys-Stones and Christopher Rowe, The Circle of Socrates, Indianapolis (IN) – Cambridge (MA), Hackett, 2013

The Circle of Socrates.

Readings in the First-Generation Socratics,

Edited and Translated by George Boys-Stones and Christopher Rowe (March 2013 – 336 pp).

In addition to works by Plato and Xenophon, we know of dozens of treatises and dialogues written by followers of Socrates that are now lost. The surviving evidence for these writings constitutes an invaluable resource for our understanding of Socrates and his philosophical legacy. The Circle of Socrates presents new—sometimes the first—English translations of a representative selection of this evidence, set alongside extracts from Plato and Xenophon. The texts are arranged according to theme, with concise introductions that provide an overview of the topics and the main lines of thought within them.

The aim is to give a fuller account of the philosophical activity of Socrates’ immediate followers: both to shed light on less well known figures (some of whom inspired schools and movements that were influential in the development of later thought), and also to improve our grasp of the intellectual context within which Plato and Xenophon, the most important of the Socratics, lived and wrote. Included are a general introduction to the history, content, and character of these writings; a bibliography; an index of sources; and an index of the Socratics and their works.

 

PNG

Laura Candiotto, Le vie della confutazione. I dialoghi socratici di Platone, Milano-Udine, Mimesis, 2012

 

PREZZO: €22,00 €18,70

PAGINE:268

DATA PUBBLICAZIONE: 2012

ISBN:9788857510217

PREFAZIONE DI: Luc Brisson

POSTFAZIONE DI:Luigi Vero Tarca

Nella presente ricerca vengono interpretati i dialoghi socratici scritti da Platone attraverso un’analisi letteraria e socio-politica, oltre che filosofica. Platone ha lo scopo di “purificare” il pubblico che partecipa alle letture dei dialoghi – mediante ciò che l’autrice definisce “elenchos retroattivo” – allo stesso modo di Socrate che confuta i suoi interlocutori e uditori. Si forniscono delle catalogazioni degli elementi stilistici e drammaturgici e delle analisi testuali (Lachete, Carmide, Gorgia, Epistola VII) che permettono di cogliere nel dettaglio le vie di confutazione socratiche. Vengono analizzate le particolari disposizioni emotive degli interlocutori – in primo luogo la vergogna – che giocano un ruolo fondamentale all’interno della confutazione.

 

Livio Rossetti, Le dialogue socratique, avant-propos de F. Roustang, Paris, Encre Marine / Les Belles Lettres, 2011

 

 

 

 

1. Le dialogue socratique in statu nascendi
2. L’Euthydème de Xénophon
3. Savoir imiter, c’est connaître, le cas de Mémorables III 8
4. L’Euthyphron comme événement communicationnel
5. Le ridicule comme arme entre les mains de Socrate et de ses élèves
6. La rhétorique de Socrate
7. Le côté inauthentique du dialoguer platonicien
8. Le Socratiques ‘premiers philosophes’ et Socrate ‘premier philosophe’

Sandra Peterson, Socrates and Philosophy in the Dialogues of Plato. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Pp. xvi, 293. ISBN 9780521190619

 

In Plato’s Apology, Socrates says he spent his life examining and questioning people on how best to live, while avowing that he himself knows nothing important. Elsewhere, however, for example in Plato’s Republic, Plato’s Socrates presents radical and grandiose theses. In this book Sandra Peterson offers a new hypothesis which explains the puzzle of Socrates’ two contrasting manners. She argues that the apparently confident doctrinal Socrates is in fact conducting the first step of an examination: by eliciting his interlocutors’ reactions, his apparently doctrinal lectures reveal what his interlocutors believe is the best way to live. She tests her hypothesis by close reading of passages in the Theaetetus, Republic and Phaedo. Her provocative conclusion, that there is a single Socrates whose conception and practice of philosophy remain the same throughout the dialogues, will be of interest to a wide range of readers in ancient philosophy and classics

 

Donald R. Morrison (ed.) – The Cambridge Companion to Socrates

The Cambridge Companion to Socrates

D. Morrison (ed.) – The Cambridge Companion to Socrates

Cambridge-New York, CUP, 2010 (xx – 414 p.)

1. L-A. Dorion, The Rise and Fall of the Socratic Problem

2. K. Döring, The Students of Socrates

3. D.K. O’Connor, Xenophon and the Enviable Life of Socrates

4. D. Konstan, Socrates in Aristophanes’ Clouds

5. P. Woodruff, Socrates and the New Learning

6. M.L. McPherran, Socratic Religion

7. J. Ober, Socrates and Democratic Athens

8. H.H. Benson, Socratic Method

9. C. Rowe, Self-Examination

10. R. Bett, Socratic Ignorance

11. M. Lane, Reconsidering Socratic Irony

12. T. Penner, Socratic Ethics and the Socratic Psychology of Action: A Philosophical Framework

13. C. Bobonich, Socrates and Eudaimonia

14. C.L. Griswold, Socrates’ Political Philosophy

15. A.A. Long, Socrates in Later Greek Philosophy Socrates Bibliography